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Kinetics of in SITU transesterification using waste-derived catalyst for biodiesel production

Sulaiman, Sarina and Talha, Nur Syakirah and Balqis, Siti Noor (2017) Kinetics of in SITU transesterification using waste-derived catalyst for biodiesel production. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 39 (1). pp. 14-19. ISSN 2289-7992

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A kinetic study of in situ transesterification of solid coconut waste was conducted at 55-65°C. The mixing is kept constant at 350 rpm. The maximum conversion of 38.3% was obtained at 60°C, 1:10 solid to methanol ratio and 5 weight (wt.) % of catalyst. The feedstock was obtained after coconut milk extraction. The conversion of solid coconut waste to methyl esters was analyzed as function of temperature after 180 min of reaction. The experimental data appear to be a good fit into a pseudo first order kinetic model for the three stepwise reactions. The reaction rate constant, k and the activation energy, Ea were determined. In this study, the activation energy obtained from the experiment was 33.88 kJ/mol.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6797/59799
Uncontrolled Keywords: in situ transesterification, solid coconut waste, eggshells, biodiesel, kinetic
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2017 15:09
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2018 11:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59799

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