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Optimization of ultraviolet ozone treatment process for improvement of polycaprolactone (PCL) microcarrier performance

Samsudin, Nurhusna and Hashim, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun and Arifin, Mohd Azmir and Mel, Maizirwan and Mohd Salleh, Hamzah and Sopyan, Iis and Jimat, Dzun Noraini (2017) Optimization of ultraviolet ozone treatment process for improvement of polycaprolactone (PCL) microcarrier performance. Cytotechnology, 69 (4). pp. 601-616. ISSN 0920-9069 E-ISSN 1573-0778

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Abstract

Growing cells on microcarriers may have overcome the limitation of conventional cell culture system. However, the surface functionality of certain polymeric microcarriers for effective cell attachment and growth remains a challenge. Polycaprolactone (PCL), a biodegradable polymer has received considerable attention due to its good mechanical properties and degradation rate. The drawback is the non-polar hydrocarbon moiety which makes it not readily suitable for cell attachment. This report concerns the modification of PCL microcarrier surface (introduction of functional oxygen groups) using ultraviolet irradiation and ozone (UV/O3) system and investigation of the effects of ozone concentration, the amount of PCL and exposure time; where the optimum conditions were found to be at 60,110.52 ppm, 5.5 g PCL and 60 min, respectively. The optimum concentration of carboxyl group (COOH) absorbed on the surface was 1495.92 nmol/g and the amount of gelatin immobilized was 320 ± 0.9 lg/g on UV/O3 treated microcarriers as compared to the untreated (26.83 ± 3 lg/g) microcarriers. The absorption of functional oxygen groups on the surface and the immobilized gelatin was confirmed with the attenuated total reflectance Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and the enhancement of hydrophilicity of the surface was confirmed using water contact angle measurement which decreased (86.93– 49.34) after UV/O3 treatment and subsequently after immobilization of gelatin. The attachment and growth kinetics for HaCaT skin keratinocyte cells showed that adhesion occurred much more rapidly for oxidized surfaces and gelatin immobilized surface as compared to untreated PCL.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3774/59730
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microcarrier, Polycaprolactone (PCL), Ultra violet ozone (UV/O3), Gelatin immobilization, Surface modification,
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: DR YUMI ZUHANIS HAS-YUN HASHIM
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2017 12:33
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2017 12:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59730

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