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Prediction of clinical symptoms of schizophrenia based on COMT methylation marker

Abd. Rahim, Nour El Huda and Rahim, Mohd Nabil Fikri and Ku Zaifah, Norsidah and Mohd Noor, Hanisah and Abdullah, Kartini and A. Talib, Norlelawati (2017) Prediction of clinical symptoms of schizophrenia based on COMT methylation marker. In: Medical Research Symposium 2017, 10th August 2017, Kuantan, Pahang.

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Abstract

Introduction: The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is based on the fact that hyper-dopaminergic state is involved in causing psychosis and antipsychotic drugs block the dopamine receptor. COMT regulates the homeostatic levels of neurotransmitter dopamine in the synapses and plays a role in the neurocognitive function. The dysregulation of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex influences the cognitive function and the severity of the psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia. During epigenetic event, methylated COMT gene may cause reduction in its expression and thus contribute to the clinical presentation in schizophrenia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using COMT DNA methylation for prediction of specific psychotic presentations of schizophrenia. Materials and method: In this study, 138 schizophrenia patients were recruited from the Psychiatry Clinic, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan Pahang. Genomic DNA from the peripheral blood was subjected to the Methylight Taqman® analysis for quantitative measurement of the COMT DNA methylation. The psychopathological symptoms were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Results: The regression analysis showed that the Positive and Excited subdomains of PANSS were significant predictors of COMT hypomethylation (β= -0.288, p= -0.031; β= -0.288, p= -0.031). The Excited subdomain of PANSS was negatively correlated with COMT DNA methylation (r2= -0.380, p= 0.000) as well as the Depressed subdomain (r2= -0.288, p= 0.001). Conclusion: The relationship between the DNA methylation of COMT with the positive, excited and depressed symptoms might indicate the epigenetic role of COMT gene in the manifestation of schizophrenia.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 6300/59599
Uncontrolled Keywords: Contraceptives, prevalence, contraceptive use, associated factors, grand multipara mother
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: Dr Nour El Huda Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2017 17:19
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2017 17:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59599

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