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Total phenolic content, antioxidative and antidiabetic properties of coconut (Cocos Nucifera L.) testa and selected bean seed coats

Adekola, Kehinde Adedeji and Salleh, Abu Bakar and Zaidan, Uswatun Hasanah and Azlan, Azrina and Chiavaro, Emma and Paciulli, Maria and Marikkar, Nazrim (2017) Total phenolic content, antioxidative and antidiabetic properties of coconut (Cocos Nucifera L.) testa and selected bean seed coats. Italian Journal of Food Science, 29 (4). pp. 741-753. ISSN 1120-1770

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Abstract

Natural alternatives for the treatment of diabetes mellitus have been the interest of many researchers. In this study, the brown testas of mature coconuts were compared to beans seed coats of four varieties in terms of antioxidative and anti-hyperglycaemic properties. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents, the antioxidant potentials and the α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of the crude extracts were studied in vitro. The results showed that extracts of coconut testa and red kidney bean seed coat displayed higher α-glucosidase inhibition (IC50=19.90±5.67 and 4.84±1.43 µg/ml) and α-amylase inhibition (IC50=120.5±15.4 and 532.8±68.0 µg/ml) than the other extracts. These two extracts showed higher antioxidant capacities owing to their high phenolic and flavonoid contents. These results suggest that red kidney bean seed coat and coconut testa would have higher potential as nutraceuticals and could serve as natural alternative sources of anti-diabetic remedy.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 7414/59586
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-diabetic Antioxidants Bean seed coat Coconut testa Polyphenolic compounds
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: Dr Mohammed Nazrim Marikkar
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 10:46
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2017 10:52
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59586

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