IIUM Repository

Binary matter-wave compactons induced by inter-species scattering length modulations

Abdullaev, Fatkhulla Kh H. and Hadi, Morteza S.A. and Salerno, Mario and Umarov, Bakhram (2017) Binary matter-wave compactons induced by inter-species scattering length modulations. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 50 (16). pp. 1-13. ISSN 0953-4075

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
PDF (Scopus) - Supplemental Material
Download (479kB) | Preview


Binary mixtures of quasi one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) trapped in deep optical lattices (OLs) in the presence of periodic time modulations of the inter-species scattering length are investigated. We adopt a mean field description and use the tight-binding approximation and averaging method to derive averaged model equations in the form of two coupled discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equations (DNLSEs) with tunneling constants that nonlinearly depend on inter-species coupling. We show that for strong and rapid modulations of the inter-species scattering length, the averaged system admits exact compacton solutions, e.g. solutions that have no tails and are fully localized on a compact which is achieved when the densities at the compact edges are in correspondence with zeros of the Bessel function (zero tunneling condition). Deviations from exact conditions give rise to the formation of quasi-compactons, e.g. non-exact excitations which look like compactons for any practical purpose, for which the zero tunneling condition is achieved dynamically thanks to an effective nonlinear dispersive coupling induced by scattering length modulation. The stability properties of compactons and quasi-compactons are investigated by linear analysis and numerical integrations of the averaged system, respectively, and the results are compared with those of the original time dependent driven system. In particular, the occurrence of delocalizing transitions with the existence of thresholds in the mean inter-species scattering length is explicitly demonstrated. Under proper management conditions, stationary compactons and quasi-compactons are quite stable and robust excitations that can survive on a very long time scale. A parameter design and a possible experimental setting for the observation of these excitations are briefly discussed

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3938/59252
Uncontrolled Keywords: Binary BEC compactons discrete nonlinear; Schrödinger equation optical lattice
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Dr Bakhram Umarov
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2017 10:44
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2018 15:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59252

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year