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Incremental research approach to describing the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Sinnah, Fabrice and Shekar, Kiran and Abdul Aziz, Mohd. Hafiz and Buscher, Hergen and Diab, Sara and Fisquet, Stephanie and Fung, Yoke and McDonald, Charles and Reynolds, Claire and Rudham, Sam and Wallis, Steven C. and Welch, Susan and Xie, Jiao and Fraser, John and Roberts, Jason A. (2017) Incremental research approach to describing the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Critical Care and Resuscitation, 19 (Suppl 1). pp. 8-14. ISSN 1441-2772

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Background: Significant interactions between drugs, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits and critical illness may affect the pharmacokinetic properties of antibiotics in critically ill patients receiving ECMO. Objective: To describe the pharmacokinetic properties of ciprofloxacin during ECMO by integrating pre-clinical findings (ie, ex vivo and in vivo ovine models) to a critically ill patient. Design, participants and intervention: An ex vivo model of an ECMO circuit was used to describe ciprofloxacin concentration changes over 24 hours. An in vivo ovine model of ECMO was used to describe the population pharmacokinetic properties of ciprofloxacin in three different groups of sheep, and to investigate sources of pharmacokinetic variability. In the final phase, data from a 39-year-old critically ill man was used to validate the findings from the ovine pharmacokinetic model. Results: In the ex vivo model of ECMO circuits, the median concentrations of ciprofloxacin at baseline and at 24 hours after ciprofloxacin infusion were similar. The time course of ciprofloxacin in the in vivo ovine on ECMO model was adequately described by a two-compartment model. The final population primary parameter mean estimates were: clearance (CL), 0.21 L/kg/h (SD, 0.09 L/kg/h) and volume of distribution (Vd ), 0.84 L/kg (SD, 0.12 L/kg). In the critically ill ECMO patient, the primary pharmacokinetic parameter estimates were: CL, 0.15 L/kg/h and Vd , 0.99 L/kg. Conclusions: We provide preliminary evidence that ciprofloxacin dosing in ECMO patients should remain in line with the recommended dosing strategies for critically ill patients not receiving ECMO.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6561/59172
Uncontrolled Keywords: pharmacokinetics, ciprofloxacin, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC82 Medical Emergencies, Critical Care, Intensive Care, First Aid
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM300 Drugs and their action
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Mohd Hafiz Abdul Aziz
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2017 11:39
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2018 11:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59172

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