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Oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes: a comparative study

Ismail, Ahmad Faisal and McGrath, Colman Patrick and Yiu, Cynthia (2017) Oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes: a comparative study. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, 30 (11). pp. 1155-1160. ISSN 2191-0251

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the oral health status of children with type 1 diabetes and healthy controls. Methods: This comparative study involved 64 children, 32 children with type 1 diabetes and 32 age- and gendermatched controls. Oral health examination was conducted using WHO criteria. Dental caries experience was recorded using DMFT/dmft index and periodontal parameters were assessed using plaque, gingivitis, gingival bleeding and calculus indexes. Dental caries and periodontal parameters between the two groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: Children with diabetes exhibited significantly greater plaque deposits (p = 0.01) and a higher mean plaque index (p < 0.01), when compared to healthy subjects. No significant difference in DMFT and dmft scores, mean bleeding index, calculus index and gingival index was found between the two groups. Conclusions: Children with type 1 diabetes had a poor oral health status with greater plaque accumulation than children without diabetes.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6689/59019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Caries; children; oral health; periodontal health; type 1 diabetes.
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Depositing User: Dr Ahmad Faisal Ismail
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2017 15:52
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2018 03:03
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/59019

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