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Effectivities: An imperative legal principle in resolving the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands dispute

Ahmad, Muhamad Hassan and Ali Mohamed, Ashgar Ali and Ansari, Abdul Haseeb (2017) Effectivities: An imperative legal principle in resolving the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands dispute. In: International Conference on Dispute Resolution 2017 - Modern Trends in Effective Dispute Resolution, 9th-10th August 2017, Kuala Lumpur.

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Since 1971, China, Taiwan and Japan have disputed over claiming sovereignty to the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands in the East China Sea. These islands have been the subject matters of dispute due to the existence of oil deposits underneath and also being strategic location for exploitation of energy resources in the region. China claims historic title over the Diaoyu Islands as these have been inherent part of it since ancient times. It further contends that islands were seized by Japan during the 1895 Sino-Japan War. On the other hand, Japan concedes that it had occupied the Senkaku Islands since 1895 while these islands were terra nullius and totally uninhibited prior to that time. Besides, China had never challenged Japanese exercise of sovereignty over these islands until 1971 in which the United Nations reported to have substantial oil and gas reserves in the area. As far as contemporary international adjudication is concerned, a state has immense prospect of having title over the territory if it can prove the exercise of state sovereignty and ‘effective control’ (effectivités) over the disputed territory. This is because international courts and tribunals, in practice, predominantly draw attention solely on the element of effective control in deciding the territorial and boundary disputes in spite of having various modes and concepts of acquisition of territory under international law. Accordingly, this paper intends to analyse critically the judicial interpretation and application of the principle of ‘effectivités’ by the international courts and tribunals in resolving inter-state territorial and boundary disputes. In addition, it applies the said principle to the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands dispute and finally offers some feasible solutions to address the dispute among the parties in peaceful manners under the purview of international law.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 8116/58744
Uncontrolled Keywords: East China Sea Dispute, Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, State Territory, Effectivités, Effective Control
Subjects: K Law > KZ Law of Nations
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws
Depositing User: Dr Ashgar Ali Ali Mohamed
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 09:28
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 09:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/58744

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