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The isolation and identification of Acanthamoeba from air ventilation system samples in selected buildings in Kuantan

Aznan, Anis Amira and Mat Yusof, Afzan and Md Isa, Muhammad Lokman and Mat Amin, Nakisah (2017) The isolation and identification of Acanthamoeba from air ventilation system samples in selected buildings in Kuantan. In: 8th Malaysian Symposium of Biomedical Science, 12th-14th May 2017, Kuantan, Pahang Darul Makmur. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Acanthamoeba, a free-living amoeba (FLA) which is abundant in a wide range of the environmental conditions including water, soil and air. Since Acanthamoeba is opportunistic pathogen, some of its species are found to be responsible for serious human diseases. Cysts and trophozoites of Acanthamoeba may be deposited in air ventilation systems with maintaining practices. This could predispose discomfort and diseases to human health especially towards immunosuppressed individuals. Acanthamoeba was isolated from dust samples taken from air ventilation systems in selected buildings in Kuantan. Acanthamoeba was isolated from dust samples taken from air ventilation systems in selected buildings in Kuantan. By using a sterile swab, the dust samples were collected from filters of the air ventilation systems. The dust samples were cultured on the non-nutrient agar plates with inactivate Escherichia coli and incubated in 37ºC incubator. The plates were examined daily for any presence of Acanthamoeba cysts up to 14 days of incubation. The results showed that all 75 dust samples collected were negative. The microscopic examination showed that all non-nutrient agar (NNA) plates were negative for Acantamoeba from day 1 until day 14 of the incubation period. However, fungal growth was observed on the non-nutrient agar (NNA) plates after day 4 of incubation. The negative findings of this study may have been influenced by the environmental factor in Kuantan. Besides that, there are also limitations in the method employed in this study where direct swabs from air ventilation systems was were used instead of using a more specific method such as establishing proper sampling points with air quality instruments to collect air samples. Thus, further studies should consider in order to address these limitations and conditions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 6886/57566
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acanthamoeba, air ventilation system
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Nursing > Department of Basic Medical Sciences for Nursing
Depositing User: Dr. Afzan Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2017 10:00
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2017 10:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57566

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