IIUM Repository

Factors affecting the immobilization of fungal biomass on CNT as a biosorbent for textile dyes removal

Bello, Ibrahim Adebayo and A Kabbashi, Nassereldeen and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Alkhatib, Ma'an Fahmi Rashid and Murad, Fatin Nabilah (2017) Factors affecting the immobilization of fungal biomass on CNT as a biosorbent for textile dyes removal. In: International Conference on Materials Technology and Energy (ICMTE 2017), 20th-21st April 2017, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
Download (242kB) | Preview


Effluents from dye and textile industries are highly contaminated and toxic to the environment. High concentration of non-biodegradable compounds contributes to increased biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the wastewater bodies. Dyes found in wastewater from textile industries are carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic. Biological processes involving certain bacteria, fungi and activated carbon have been employed in treating wastewater. These methods are either inefficient or ineffective. These complexities necessitates search for new approaches that will offset all the shortcomings of the present solutions to the challenges faced with textile wastewater management. This study produced a new biosorbent by the immobilization of fungal biomass on carbon nanotubes. The new biosorbent is called “carbon nanotubes immobilized biomass (CNTIB)” which was produced by immobilization technique. A potential fungal strain, Aspergillus niger was selected on the basis of biomass production. It was found out in this studies that fungal biomass were better produced in acidic medium. Aspergillus niger was immobilized on carbon nanotubes. One-factor-at-a time (OFAT) was employed to determine the effect of different factors on the immobilization of fungal biomass on carbon nanotubes and optimum levels at which the three selected parameters (pH, culture time and agitation rate) would perform. Findings from OFAT showed that the optimum conditions for immobilization are a pH of 5, agitation rate of 150rpm and a culture time of 5 days.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4286/57562
Uncontrolled Keywords: Immobilization, CNT, Dye removal
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Nassereldeen Kabbashi
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 16:09
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2018 09:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57562

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year