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Effect of stitching on the tensile mechanical property of empty fruit bunch oil palm fiber reinforced epoxy composites

Ghazilan, A. L.Ahmad and Mokhtar, Hanan and Shaik Dawood, Mohd Sultan Ibrahim and Aminanda, Yulfian and Mohamed Ali, Jaffar Syed (2017) Effect of stitching on the tensile mechanical property of empty fruit bunch oil palm fiber reinforced epoxy composites. In: 3rd International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Aerospace Engineering, ICMAAE 2016, 25-27 Jul 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Stitching has proven to be an effective reinforcement for improving through-thickness (out-of-plane) mechanical properties with the incorporation of z-direction reinforcements of synthestic fiber. There are drawbacks to stitching as it may cause focal stress concentration, and fiber misalignment and breakage, but at the same time, it can also improve the tensile performance of the composite. Tensile properties, such as tensile strength and modulus of elasticity, were obtained from tensile tests performed on both stitched and unstitched oil palm fiber composites as per ASTM D638 specifications using Universal Testing Machine INSTRON 5582. The test results indicated that stitching natural, short, untreated and random empty fruit bunch oil palm fiber reinforced epoxy composites improve the tensile strength and elastic modulus due to the increase in matrix volume percentage and additional tensional resistance.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4139/57346
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stitching on the tensile; Mechanical Property; Empty fruit; Bunch oil palm; Fiber; Composites
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TT Handicrafts Arts and crafts
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Sister Hanan Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 16:03
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2018 17:52
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57346

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