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The prospect of microbial oils production from oil palm empty fruit bunch

Ahmad, Farah and Zhang, Zhanying and Doherty, William O. S. and O’Hara, Ian M. (2017) The prospect of microbial oils production from oil palm empty fruit bunch. In: 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Technology (ICFCHT2017), Putrajaya. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) is a lignocellulosic biomass and has the potential to be converted into oil that can be used as the feedstock for biodiesel production. The production of microbial oil from EFB can be performed through biochemical routes of cultivating oleaginous microorganism on EFB hydrolysates. Oleaginous microorganisms, including microalgae, yeasts and fungi, accumulate oils from carbon substrates assimilation, within its cell membrane, typically under nitrogen-limiting conditions. This paper aims to explore the feasibility of producing microbial oil production from EFB and other oil palm biomas. Most studies on the production of microbial oil from lignocellulosic biomass were performed using yeasts and fungi. Mucor plumbeus fungi was shown to be promising for EFB-derived oil production. The outlook of producing microbial oil and biodiesel from EFB was evaluated through previous techno-economic studies. Microbial oil has potential to supplement palm oil industry with cheaper feedstock cost. Microbial oil production from oil palm biomass could be integrated into palm oil industry, via the production of biodiesel from non-food feedstock and oleochemicals manufacturing. The proposed integration concept can potentially improve the sustainability and profitability of the palm oil industry.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 7967/57232
Uncontrolled Keywords: oil palm empty fruit bunch; microbial oil; biodiesel
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315 Fuel
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Farah Binti Ahmad
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2017 11:59
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2017 11:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57232

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