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Identification of gastrointestinal helminths infection from goats isolated in a farm in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Mohd Azlan, Mawaddah and Mat Yusof, Afzan and Mohammad, Mardhiah (2019) Identification of gastrointestinal helminths infection from goats isolated in a farm in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Jurnal Teknologi, 81 (1). pp. 125-131. ISSN 0127-9696

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Abstract

Livestock is a group of domesticated animal that is reared in an agricultural setting. It usually served as a source of income for most peoples in Malaysia. However, the productions of this livestock especially goats have been decreasing due to the occurrence of gastrointestinal helminths infection. The aim of this study was to identify the presence and species of gastrointestinal helminths from 120 fecal samples collected directly from the rectum of goats from a farm located in Kuantan, Pahang. Firstly, the physical observation was evaluated on all goats. Then, their fecal sample was examined within 96 hours using Formal-ether Sedimentation method for the morphological characteristics identification of gastrointestinal helminthic species under the microscope. This study has identified the majority of goats with a good physical condition, that they have no sign of blood loss and have appropriate body frame. However, the microscopic identification has revealed 89 from the total samples positive with gastrointestinal helminths species while 76 of the positive showed presence of mixed species. The species found were Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus spp., Trichuris ovis, Oesophagostomum spp., Ostertagia spp., and Strongyloides papillosus. This high infection of gastrointestinal helminths observed in goats is related to an impaired immune system, poor farm management, and uncontrolled anthelmintic treatment. The presence of various species of gastrointestinal helminths within a goat is an important cause of morbidity and loss of production. Therefore, this study suggested the need for an effective system of management, diagnosis and appropriate treatment that can reduce the risk of infection and increase the productivity of the animals. ******************************************************** Ternakan adalah sekumpulan haiwan peliharaan yang diternak dalam keadaan pertanian di mana ia berfungsi sebagai sumber pendapatan bagi kebanyakan orang di Malaysia. Walau bagaimanapun, pengeluaran ternakan telah berkurang disebabkan oleh jangkitan cacing di usus haiwan. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti kehadiran dan jenis cacing di usus dari 120 sampel najis yang dikumpulkan secara langsung dari rektum kambing dari sebuah ladang yang terletak di Kuantan, Pahang. Pertama sekali, pemeriksaan fizikal ke atas setiap kambing telah dilakukan. Selepas itu, setiap sampel najis kambing tersebut telah diperiksa dalam masa 96 jam menggunakan teknik permendapan formal-ether untuk mengenal pasti sifat-sifat bentuk setiap spesies cacing usus di bawah mikroskop. Pemeriksaan fizikal kambing menunjukkan bahawa hampir setiap dari mereka tiada tanda-tanda kekurangan darah dan mempunyai bentuk badan yang bersesuaian. Walau bagaimanapun, pemerhatian mikroskop menunjukkan kehadiran cacing usus pada 89 ekor kambing dengan 76 ekor daripadanya mempunyai lebih dari satu spesies cacing usus. Spesies yang ditemui ialah Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus spp., Trichuris ovis, Oesophagostomum spp., Ostertagia spp., dan Strongyloides papillosus. Peningkatan jangkitan cacing usus pada kambing biasanya berkait dengan kelemahan sistem imun, pengurusan ladang dan rawatan ubat anthelmintic yang tidak terkawal. Kehadiran pelbagai spesies cacing usus adalah salah satu penyebab yang menyumbang kepada morbiditi dn kekurangan pengeluaran. Oleh itu, kajian ini mengenal pasti keperluan untuk sistem pengurusan, diagnosis dan rawatan berkesan dengan ubat anthelmintik yang dapat mengurangkan risiko jangkitan dan meningkatkan produk pengeluaran ternakan.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6886/56929
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gastrointestinal helminthes, goats, physical observation, formal-ether sedimentation method, microscopic identification, Cacing usus, kambing, pemeriksaan fizikal, pemendapan formal-ether, pengenalpastian mikroskopik
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Basic Health Sciences (Until June 2011)
Depositing User: Dr. Afzan Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2019 16:39
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 15:40
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/56929

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