IIUM Repository

Current utilization and future prospects of emerging renewable energy applications in Canada

Islam, Mazharul and Fartaj, Amir and Ting, David S-K (2004) Current utilization and future prospects of emerging renewable energy applications in Canada. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 8 (6). pp. 493-519. ISSN 1364-0321

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (226kB) | Request a copy


Canada has vast renewable energy resources due to its extensive geography and traditionally they have played an important role, particularly prior to the turn of the 20th century. Public interest in new renewable energy technologies (RETs) emerged and grew during the oil shocks of the 1970s and early 1980s. Even though many Canadian provinces had been deriving most of their electricity from hydroelectric power, the first oil crises of the 1970s ignited a strong interest in all forms of renewable energy. Though Canada has huge prospects for low-impact RETs, it is falling behind most industrialized nations in the expansion of these technologies due to a lack of supporting market structures and the absence of appropriate government policies and initiatives. This review focuses on only applications of low-impact emerging RETs that refer to wind, solar, small hydro, geothermal, marine and modern biomass energy. Today, these technologies are mostly in the dissemination, demonstration and early stage of commercialization phase in Canada and currently they contribute less than 1% of the total primary energy consumption. It is evident from the past experience of Europe and Japan that environmentally benign RETs can contribute significantly toward Canada's Kyoto target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by displacing the use of conventional fossil fuels, and help Canada take an essential step toward a sustainable energy future. In this paper, the current energy utilization scenario of Canada has been analyzed and an array of emerging RET applications has been presented under the category of: (i) green power technologies; (ii) green heat technologies; and (iii) green fuel technologies. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7416/56617
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass, Canada, Earth energy, Geothermal, Renewable energy, Small hydro, Solar,Wind
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mazharul Islam
Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 17:31
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 17:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/56617

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year