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Self-medication practices among female students of higher educational institutions in Selangor, Malaysia: A quantitative insight

Jamshed, Shazia Qasim and Wong, Peise and Yi, Hengchin and Yun, Gansiaw and Khan, Muhammadumair and Ahmad, Akram (2016) Self-medication practices among female students of higher educational institutions in Selangor, Malaysia: A quantitative insight. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, 8 (3). pp. 217-222. ISSN 0976-4879

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Abstract

Background: World Health Organization has defined self-medication as the selection and use of medications (including herbal and traditional product) by individuals to treat self-recognized illnesses or symptoms. The prevalence of self-medication is reported to be higher among female students. Objective: To investigate the awareness and self-medication practices among female students of higher education institutions in Malaysia. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in four higher education institutes of Selangor, Malaysia. Convenience sampling approach was used to collect data from a sample 475 students. A 'pretested' questionnaire was used as a study instrument. Results: A total of 461 questionnaires were returned (response rate 97.05%). The prevalence of self-medication among female students in higher educational institutions was 57.2% (n = 262). The most common source of self-prescribed medicine was a pharmacy or clinics (n = 206; 45%). It was found that antipyretics were the most common medications used without doctor's consultation (n = 212; 89.1%). Analgesics and antipyretics (n = 79; 62.7%) were highly recommended by students to their family and friends. The common reason for self-medication was prior successful experience (n = 102, 81.0%). The majority of respondents (n = 280; 61.1%) reported that they believed over-the-counter medications were as effective as medications prescribed by a doctor. Conclusion: The prevalence of self-medication practice among female students in the sample of the four higher education institutions was moderate. More studies are required to generalize these findings across Malaysia.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6803/56451
Uncontrolled Keywords: Females; Malaysia; Self-medication; Students
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr Shazia Jamshed
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2017 16:53
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 16:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/56451

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