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Chemical composition and thermal behaviour of tropical fat fractions from solvent-assisted process: A review

Marikkar, Mohammed Nazrim and Yanti, N. and Paciulli, Maria and Chiavaro, Emma (2017) Chemical composition and thermal behaviour of tropical fat fractions from solvent-assisted process: A review. Italian Journal of Food Science, 29 (1). pp. 19-37. ISSN 1120-1770

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Abstract

Fractional crystallization is a process applied to plant and animal fats to obtain fat products with new functional properties and nutritional values. Fractionation is generally performed through either a dry or a solvent-assisted process. As solvents can wash off the liquid molecules able to entrap the solid component inside, the solvent-crystallization seems to be more efficient than other fractionation procedures. In recent times, fractional crystallization has been investigated for avocado (Persea Americana) butter, engkabang (Shorea macrophylla) fat, palm oil-moringa oil blend, and mee fat (Madhuca longifolia) to prepare solid (stearin) and liquid (olein) fractions. This review sums up the main and recent published studies on chemical and thermal (upon differential scanning calorimetry) properties of fat fractions obtained using solvent-assisted process. It has been argued that the ease of a fat fractionation mainly depends on the thermal characteristics of its triacylglycerol molecules. Fats with low-and high-melting thermal transitions in wide separation would yield fat components with remarkable changes in physico-chemical characteristics, fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions as well as thermal profiles. The activities involving the use of fat components, during food formulation, may significantly benefit from a further learning of the fats behavior.

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 7414/56212
Uncontrolled Keywords: differential scanning calorimetry, fats thermal behaviour, solvent-assisted fractionation, tropical fat fractions
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Depositing User: Dr Mohammed Nazrim Marikkar
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2017 00:36
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2018 19:22
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/56212

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