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Epidemiology of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) in Pahang, Malaysia

Mohd Yassin, Wardah and Kaderi, Mohd Arifin and A. Rahman, Nor Azlina and Zainuddin, Norafiza and Ahmad, Azmir and Raja Lope Ahmad, Raja Ahmad Al’Konee and Abdullah, Kahairi and Leman, Wan Ishlah and Tolos, Siti Marponga and Rosla, Luqman and Paul, Mark and Yaacob, Nik Soriani and Wan Zainon, Wan Mohd Nazri, and Mohamad, Irfan and Wozniak, Magdalena (2016) Epidemiology of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) in Pahang, Malaysia. In: 3rd Pan Asian Biomedical Science Conference 2016, 7th-8th December 2016, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is among the most frequently reported cancer in Malaysia. The most recent National Cancer Registry (NCR), stated that NPC was the fourth most common cancer among Malaysian and third most common cancer among Malaysian men. While there have been several studies on NPC previously carried out in a few states in Malaysia, a comprehensive study in Pahang had never been reported. The current epidemiological study is designed to feature the number of cases and distribution of NPC in Pahang, as well as risk factors of the development of the disease. This study involved two major referral centers in Pahang, namely Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA) in Kuantan and Hospital Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah (HOSHAS) in Temerloh. A total of 87 confirmed NPC cases were reported from the two hospital between 2012 and 2015. The ages at diagnosis of patients ranged from 14 to 82 years with mean age was 49.4 years (SD ±14.3). Majority of them were male (77%) with ratio male to female was 3.3:1. Regarding ethnicity, Malay predominates with 56%, followed by Chinese 35% and others 9%. The total number of diagnosed cases increased from 2012 to 2014 and declined slightly in 2015. The age-standardised rate (ASR) were calculated every year and showed an increasing trend among male from 1.6 per 100,000 in 2012 to 3.3 per 100,000 in 2015. Generally, the highest age-specific incidence rate was at the 50-54 age groups. Ongoing analysis on available data is currently being carried out to unravel the lifestyle risk factor in this population of NPC patients. This study will hopefully provide the first ever four-year comprehensive data on the epidemiology of NPC in the state of Pahang, Malaysia.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4643/55986
Uncontrolled Keywords: epidemiology, Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC), Pahang, Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Computational and Theoretical Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Mohd. Arifin Bin Kaderi
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 15:15
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 15:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/55986

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