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Potential effects of Nigella sativa and thymoquinone on the foetal development of cyclophosphamide-treated male mice

Abdul Rahman, Suzanah and Rahmat, Nur Syamim and Lim, Sue Yee and Fong, Lau Seng and Hiew, Mark and Shah, Sayed Inayatullah and Abdul Samat, Nadia Hanis and Zainal Azman, Jaezah Adlina and Ahmad, Nur Amalina (2016) Potential effects of Nigella sativa and thymoquinone on the foetal development of cyclophosphamide-treated male mice. In: International Conference on Biosciences & Medical Engineering (ICBME2016), 10th-11th November 2016, Skudai, Johor.

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Abstract

Cyclophosphamide (CPA) is an alkylating agent that is widely used as a chemotherapy drug among male of reproductive age. The drug causes chromosomal aberration (CA) in sperm which can decrease fertility and contribute to foetal abnormality. Many studies in animal have showed that foetal abnormalities induced by cyclophosphamide can be ameliorated using antioxidants. Traditional medicine such as Nigella sativa (NS) and its active compound, Thymoquinone (TQ), are widely used for their antioxidant activities. However, their antioxidative effects on teratogenicity in animal models remain unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the possible potential effects of NS and TQ on foetal development after paternal exposure to cyclophosphamide. Male ICR mice (n=3) were assigned randomly into 6 groups: (a) Vehicle control, (b) 200 mg/kg CPA, (c) 10 mg/kg NSE, (d) 10 mg/kg TQ, (e) 200 mg/kg CPA & 10 mg/kg NSE and (d) 200 mg/kg CPA & 10 mg/kg TQ. Male mice were then mated with the same strain of untreated female mice after 32 days. The foetuses were scanned using ultrasound modality to obtain their images and measurement of gestational sac size, biparietal diameter (BPD), crown-rump length (CRL) and heart rate activity. The foetuses were also analyzed for their morphological and skeletal malformations. The positive control and combination group of CPA and TQ showed no pregnancies whilst exposure to CPA supplemented with NS increased fertility rate. Between supplement groups alone, TQ improved pregnancy by the record of the highest number foetuses collected and number of impregnated female mice as compared to NS exposure alone. The measurements of CRL and BPD of foetuses in mice treated with TQ alone were 9.10±0.89 mm and 5.48±0.54mm respectively compared to 10.71±1.35 mm and 6.04±0.52 mm observed in control group. The measurements of BPD and CRL were significantly reduced compared to negative control group. This study indicated that NS could be a protective antioxidant against CPA-induced infertility while TQ alone may have the potential to promote and improve pregnancy success.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Slide Presentation)
Additional Information: 4493/55101
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nigella Sativa, Thymoquinone,foetal development, mice, Cyclophoshamide
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM300 Drugs and their action
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suzanah Abdul Rahman
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 15:45
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 15:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/55101

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