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The research methodology for malnutrition risk identification and dietary practices among community living elderly

Hamirudin, Aliza Haslinda and A. Rahman, Nor Azlina and Sidek, Suriati and Zainudin, Norain (2016) The research methodology for malnutrition risk identification and dietary practices among community living elderly. In: Medical Research Symposium & Pacific Partnership in conjunction with Kuantan Research Day 2016, 3-5 Aug 2016, Kuantan, Pahang.

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Introduction: Nutrition screening is an initial procedure to identify malnutrition, whilst subsequent nutrition intervention is warranted for at risk individuals. However, none of nutrition screening studies conducted among Malaysian elderly accompanied by individualized nutrition intervention. The objective here is to describe the methodology to determine malnutrition risk and nutritional status of elderly in community at baseline and after 3 months of nutrition intervention; and to assess perception of elderly on their dietary practices. Materials and Methods: Elderly aged ≥60 years will be recruited as participants at several FELDA in Terengganu and Pahang with the calculated sample size of 416. Nutrition screening will be performed to identify malnutrition risk using a validated nutrition screening tool for elderly in community; the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form. Dietary intake will be assessed using diet history method and individualized nutrition intervention will be provided to improve nutritional status. Nutrition screening and assessment will be repeated after three months for malnourished and at risk elderly. In-depth individual interview will be conducted to assess perception on dietary practices particularly prophetic food intake. Quantitative and qualitative data will be analysed using IBM SPSS software and NVivo software, respectively. Results: Nutritional status of the elderly is anticipated to improve after 3 months of nutrition intervention and the elderly will perceive that their dietary practices are good. Conclusion: This research is at the forefront to provide individualized nutrition intervention following nutrition screening among Malaysian community elderly. It can potentially prevent further health complications associated with malnutrition through timely malnutrition identification and nutrition intervention.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5037/54712
Uncontrolled Keywords: malnutrition, elderly, nutrition screening, nutrition intervention, community
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM214 Diet therapy. Diet and dietectics in disease
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 12:23
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2017 15:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/54712

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