IIUM Repository (IREP)

Evaluating effectiveness and safety toward electronic cigarette among Malaysian vapers: One-month observational study

Rahman, Azizur and Nik Mohamad, Mohamad Haniki and Jamshed, Shazia Qasim (2016) Evaluating effectiveness and safety toward electronic cigarette among Malaysian vapers: One-month observational study. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, 7 (2 (April-June)). pp. 43-53. ISSN 2320-5210

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (WOS) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (164kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Objective: Electronic cigarette (e‑cig) is recently growing substitute for smoking. The attention and practice of e‑cig among consumers is expanded globally, and Malaysia is not an exception to this, but the paucity of local data motivates us to do the current research. Methods: A total of 220 e‑cig vapers recruited for the study and divided into two categories based on smoking status as a single user and dual user. Both users observed for 1 month period to assess smoking cessation rate, adverse effects, withdrawal symptoms, and smoking‑related diseases. Results: A month follow‑up showed still 28.44% (P ≤ 0.001) of the entire study population (62 of 218, intention to treat analysis) were abstained from tobacco smoking. However, a high number of single user shown more quit rate as compared to of dual users (72.9% [51] vs. 7.4% [11]: Odds ratio 33.43; 95% confidence interval: 0.102–3.410) and merely two persons (<1%) started e‑cig by ever smokers. The key adverse effects and withdrawal symptoms that observed in dual users were coughing, breathing problems, and craving, whereas in single users high appetite cases documented; however, no cases of any diseases reported among both users during the whole study period. Conclusion: A month follow‑up showed a good smoking cessation rate among Malaysian vapers mainly in single users, whereas less number of quitters but the high reduction in tobacco cigarette consumption observed in dual users without any harmful effects. Furthermore, extended period studies are warranted to confirm its long‑term safety and effectiveness among different Malaysian population.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5123/54352
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electronic cigarette, exhaled carbon monoxide, safety, smoking, vaping
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr Shazia Jamshed
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2017 09:38
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 09:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/54352

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year