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Production of biodiesel from palm oil using chemically treated fish bone catalyst

Sulaiman, Sarina and Shah, Beenish and Jamal, Parveen (2016) Production of biodiesel from palm oil using chemically treated fish bone catalyst. In: The 9th Regional Conference on Chemical Engineering (RCChE 2016), 21st-22nd Nov. 2016, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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The waste food material namely fish bone is screened for biodiesel synthesis by transesterification reaction to achieve the highest biodiesel yield. The fish bone was chemically treated with Al(NO3)3.9H2O to enhance the biodiesel yield. The solid oxide materials were calcined at 900 °C for 2-4 hrs to convert CaCO3 to CaO species. Transesterification was carried out at 65 °C for 4 hrs with 12:1 methanol to oil ratio. The experiment was designed by central composite design with 23 factorial and three center points to determine the optimum CaO (calcined fish bone) loading, calcination time for catalyst and amount of chemically treated fish bone, wt %. The highest yield of 94.30 wt % was achieved at optimal conditions of calcination time (6.11 hour), catalyst loading wt% of (4.02 wt %) and CaO (calcined fish bone) loading of (34.49 %).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 6797/53954
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel, palm oil, fish bone catalyst
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 12:20
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2017 12:20
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/53954

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