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Performance of calcium oxide as a heterogeneous catalyst in biodiesel production: A review

Boey, Peng-Lim and Maniam, Gaanty Pragas and Abd Hamid, Shafida (2011) Performance of calcium oxide as a heterogeneous catalyst in biodiesel production: A review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 168 (1). pp. 15-22. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract

The accelerating and frequently fluctuating price of conventional diesel, together with growing environ- mental concerns has sparked renewed attention on the search for an alternative fuel. The awareness of the toxic effects related to the tailpipe emissions of vehicles has driven many countries to look for a less-polluted transportation fuel. In this regard, biodiesel (alkyl esters) from vegetable oils or animal fats via transesterification is regarded as the most viable alternative as a green fuel for diesel engines. Trans- esterification is a catalyzed process and, traditionally, homogeneous catalysts are employed. However, this type of catalyst is not able to be reused and requires tedious washing and separating steps, hence, stimulating the conception of heterogeneous-catalyzed transesterification. Despite the success of various heterogeneous catalysts, many are not viable for wide industrial usage as most of the catalysts are expen- sive and need additional preparation effort. Among them, CaO seems to have a promising place and the increasing research on CaO is self-evidence of its capability in catalyzing the reaction. Therefore, in this paper, various issues regarding CaO-catalyzed transesterification are reviewed. The diverse performance of CaO in neat, loaded and mixed forms, as well as a support for other catalyst systems, CaO reaction mechanism, CaO tolerance to low to moderate oil qualities and reaction conditions, the conformance of CaO-catalyzed biodiesel to key specifications and the future outlook and the challenges of the catalyst are suitably addressed.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5980/5347
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Mrs. Shafida Abdul Hamid
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2011 16:29
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 16:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/5347

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