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Effect of coupling agent on durian skin fibre nanocomposite reinforced polypropylene

Mohs Apandi, Siti Nur 'Ezzati and Anuar, Hazleen and Abd. Rashid, Siti Munirah Salimah (2018) Effect of coupling agent on durian skin fibre nanocomposite reinforced polypropylene. In: International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering 2017, ICAMME 2017, 8th-9th August 2017, Gombak, Kuala Lumpur.

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This paper reports on the development of a composite-based natural fiber to reduce the reliance on petroleum-based product in order to amplify environmental awareness. The production of Durian Skin Nanofiber (DSNF) was conducted using biological fermentation method via rhizopus oryzae in order to obtain the nano dimension of the particle size. Polypropylene (PP) and DSNF were produced using Haake internal mixer via melt blending technique. The significant effect of maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) on the properties of PP/DSNF nanocomposite was investigated to study its mechanical properties which are tensile strength and thermal stability using thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential scanning analysis (DSC). The tensile property of PP nanocomposites increased from 33 MPa to 38 MPa with the presence of MAPP. The addition of MAPP also increased the thermal stability of PP/DSNF nanocomposite where the char residue increased by 52%. Besides that, the thermal degradation of PP/DSNF and PP/DSNF-MAPP were higher than PP where they exerted higher amount of weight loss at an elevated temperature. The percentage of crystallinity, %Xc, of PP nanocomposites improved with the addition of MAPP by 35% based on the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) result. The SEM analysis showed that the PP/DSNF-MAPP exerts ductile fracture while PP/DSNF exerts brittle fracture.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4130/52757
Uncontrolled Keywords: coupling agent on durian skin fibre nanocomposite reinforced polypropylene
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368 Food processing and manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 14:50
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 15:16
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52757

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