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Toxicity profiles between strains of Alexandrium tamiyavanichii

Hamdan, Nurul Ashima and Abu Hassan, Muhamad Shafiq and Muhamad Bunnori, Noraslinda (2016) Toxicity profiles between strains of Alexandrium tamiyavanichii. In: 2nd International Conference on Oceanography and Sustainable Marine Production (ICOSMaP 2016), 23rd-25th Aug. 2016, Kuantan, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Phycotoxins are byproducts of toxic microalga that capable of causing severity on hu-mans upon consuming contaminated seafood. The threshold level for bivalve toxicity accumulation has been universally compromised by the scientist worldwide to be 80μg/STX equivalent. The amount of toxins released by microalgae however varies according to species as some of the microalgae synthesize toxins within small number of cells while others required a blooming event for the toxins to be detected. It is also possible for the toxicity of one species being gradually decreases throughout years in culture. Alexandrium tamiyavanichii has been reported to cause toxicity in seafood products that subject to hospitalized cases in Malaysia. Genus Alexandrium has been known for the stability of the saxitoxin production yet no total loss of toxicity has been recorded. Two cultures of A. tamiyavanichii have been tested for its toxicity using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with GTX standards as the reference. Strains isolated from Kuantan Port during recent cases of paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) outbreaks showed extremely high in toxin content (32 937 fmol.cell-1) while the old culture of A. tamiyavanichii taken from Sebatu Malacca exhibited very low level of toxicity (0.4405 fmol.cell-1). There are many factors influencing toxicity properties of A. tamiyavanichii with highlights in nutrients deprivation and adaptation as well as bacterial influences for the old culture. Further justification is needed for both strains with consistency in culture medium in order to reason out the possibility of reduction in toxicity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Slide Presentation)
Additional Information: 6604/52644
Uncontrolled Keywords: Toxicity; Alexandrium tamiyavanichi; blooming; Kuantan
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Noraslinda Muhamad Bunnori
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 10:19
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 10:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52655

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