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Risk factor profile of patients presenting with acute ST-elevation myocardial infraction to a rural hospital in Malaysia

Mohd Shah, Azarisman Shah and Ngow, Harris Abdullah and PA, Melor and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and A, Fauz and Satwi, Sapari and K., Khairi and S, Noorfaizan and Maskon, Oteh (2008) Risk factor profile of patients presenting with acute ST-elevation myocardial infraction to a rural hospital in Malaysia. Circulation, 118 (12). E207-E207. ISSN 0009-7322

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Background Cardiovascular disease is one of the most important causes of death in Malaysia and the rate is on the increase. The major contributor to the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular disease is the rise in the risk factor prevalence such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolaemia. These modifiable risk factors could be the key in halting this trend. Methods One hundred and thirty three consecutive patients presenting with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction to the coronary care unit of Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan, Malaysia were enrolled into a prospective observational study. Results The majority of patients were male 88.7%, presented with anterior or antero-septal myocardial infarct 66.9% with a mean age of 56.4 � 10.3 years. 72.9% were smokers, 41.3% had hypertension, 30.8% had diabetes and 27.0% had hyperlipidaemia. The mean serum Creatinine 138.1 103.7 mmol/L, fasting blood sugar 7.95 � 3.98 mmol/L, total cholesterol 5.74 � 1.40 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein 3.74 � 1.22 mmol/L and high-density lipoprotein 1.19 � 0.63 mmol/L. Conclusion A significant majority of patients were male aged in the mid 50’s, smokers, and presented with acute anterior or anteroseptal myocardial infarction. A significant minority had a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or hyperlipidaemia either alone or in combination.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Risk factor, acute myocardial infarct, ST elevation, epidemiology.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Health & Family Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: Associate Professor Dr Harris Ngow Abdullah
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 09:11
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2016 12:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/5254

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