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Lithium battery recycling management and policy

Rahman, Mohammed Ataur and Rafia, Afroz (2016) Lithium battery recycling management and policy. International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 13 (3). pp. 278-291. ISSN 1741-508X E-ISSN 1472-8923

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Abstract

Recycling of used lithium batteries has primarily focused on extracting active metal cobalt (Co) and lithium (Li). The price of cobalt is higher than the price of others metals. The price of Co and Li has increased due to production of electric and hybrid car. The used Li battery is the source of Li and Co and the optimal way of extract these metals from this waste are important. Hydrometallurgical method is used to recover Co and Li in laboratory scale with 48.8 Wh battery. Calcination on Co, Li and Cu extraction at 700°C was performed to remove organic compounds. Material after calcination was leached in different concentration of HCl and H2SO4 without and with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) reducing agent. Experiment was conducted on recycling of 48.8 Wh battery and found that the recycling cathode 41 wt% and 8.5 wt% of the cell cathode and anode, which are 48.8% and 23.4% of the cathode and anode cell material price, respectively.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5264/52452
Uncontrolled Keywords: Li-ion battery electro-chemistry; recycling; calcination; disposal; economics and environmental values
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Ataur Rahman
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2016 10:16
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2017 15:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52452

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