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Investigation of bioflocculant as renewable dewatering aid in sludge treatment

Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Mohd Arif, Aysha Ralliya and Abdulazeez, Qabas Marwan (2016) Investigation of bioflocculant as renewable dewatering aid in sludge treatment. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016), 25th-27th July 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Sludge treatment is the most important and expensive step in water and wastewater treatment plants. Chemical conditioners such as polyaluminium chloride, aluminium sulfate, Fenton’s reagent, gypsum, and polyacrylamide can produce by-products, which cause health and environmental problems. Moringa oleifera (MO) seeds can be used as natural alternatives for chemical conditioners. The bioactive materials have to be extracted from MO seeds for better performance. Treatment methods of MO seeds investigated in this study were crude MO seeds, MO salt extraction by NaCl (1 M), and defatted MO seeds using hexane solvent. Synthetic sludge samples were prepared using kaolin suspension (5% w/v). The best extraction method was determined using settling velocity (Vs) and sludge volume index (SVI) as indicators. Results showed that salt extraction by NaCl gave the best results of 0.41 cm/min of settling velocity and 63.39 mg/L of SVI. The selected extraction method was optimized with respect to three process conditions: MO seeds concentration, mixing speed and contact time. The experiments were designed using 2 Level Factorial Design by Design-Expert software. The optimum process conditions were seeds concentration of 3250 mg/L, mixing speed of 100 rpm, and contact time of 17.5 min. MO seeds is consider a natural coagulant that can be used as main sludge conditioner.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 5545/52250
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sludge treatment; Moringa oleifera; dewatering process; environmentally friendly
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Faizah Shahbudin
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2016 11:44
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 10:38
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52250

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