IIUM Repository

Prevalence, knowledge, perception and factors influencing smoking among primary school students in Melaka smoke-free city

Sabtu, Norma and AB, Noordiana and S, Shameera and Pasi, Hafizah (2016) Prevalence, knowledge, perception and factors influencing smoking among primary school students in Melaka smoke-free city. Malaysian Journal of Pubic Health Medicine, Volume 16 (Supplement 4). pp. 131-132. ISSN 1675-0306

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (748kB) | Request a copy


In order to increase the proportion of successful attempts to quit smoking, it is important to understand the factors influencing smoking among individuals since their young age. Objectives were to estimate the prevalence of smoking and to determine the knowledge, perception, and factors influence smoking among primary school students in Melaka Tengah District. A cross-sectional study carried out in October 2015. Sample sizes of 269 students were selected using stratified random sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Results of this study showed ever smokers represent 28.6% of the students. The earliest age of smoking initiation was seven-year-old. The mean knowledge on smoking were higher (19.5 ±5.6) among those who doesn’t smoke as compare to those who ever smoke (16.9 ±4.2). About perception, 74.0% of the primary school children know the danger of smoking. Among those who smoke, the majority of them (74.0%) did not feel regret, smoking makes them look matured (44.8%), smoking solved their problems (43.8%). In regards to the factors influencing smoking, peer pressure has the highest prevalence which is 89.6%, early exposure from family members who are smokers (71.9%). Findings from this study should be considered as a warning for an impending epidemic. Thus, the smoking prevention program should have a greater role in schools and should be started as early as in kindergarten. Governmental commitment and social support are vital in health education and awareness and especially in ensuring that smoking programs are being implemented and sustained.

Item Type: Article (other)
Additional Information: 7367/52242
Uncontrolled Keywords: primary school students, smoking, knowledge, perception, factors
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Assistant Professor Dr Hafizah Pasi
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2016 16:04
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 16:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52242

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year