IIUM Repository

Tunable spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in deep optical lattices

Salerno, Mario and Abdullaev, Fatkhulla Kh. and Gammal, A and Tomio, Lauro (2016) Tunable spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in deep optical lattices. Physical Review A, 94 (4). 043602-1-043602-11. ISSN 2469-9926 E-ISSN 2469-9934

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (Scopus) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (113kB) | Request a copy


Binary mixtures of Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) trapped in deep optical lattices and subjected to equal contributions of Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling (SOC) are investigated in the presence of a periodic time modulation of the Zeeman field. SOC tunability is explicitly demonstrated by adopting a mean-field tight-binding model for the BEC mixture and by performing an averaging approach in the strong modulation limit. In this case, the system can be reduced to an unmodulated vector discrete nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation with a rescaled SOC tuning parameter α, which depends only on the ratio between amplitude and frequency of the applied Zeeman field. We consider the attractive interaction case and focus on the effect of the SOC tuning on the localized ground states. The dependence of the spectrum of the linear system on α has been analytically characterized. In particular, we show that extremal curves (ground and highest excited states) of the linear spectrum are continuous piecewise functions (together with their derivatives) of α, which consist of a finite number of decreasing band lobes joined by constant lines. This structure also remains in the presence of inter- and intra-species interactions, the nonlinearity mainly introducing a number of localized states in the band gaps. The stability of ground states in the presence of the modulating field has been demonstrated by real-time evolutions of the original (unaveraged) system. Localization properties of the ground state induced by the SOC tuning, and a parameter design for possible experimental observation, have also been discussed.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7021/52192
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), deep optical lattices
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Prof Fatkhulla Abdullaev
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2016 11:32
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 15:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52192

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year