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The identification of helminths and coccidia from goats in two farms in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

Hisamuddin, Nur Hazirah and Hashim, Najat and Soffian, Sharmeen Nellisa and Raja Abdul Rahman, Raja Nur Rahifah Inani and Mohammad, Mardhiah and Md Isa, Muhammad Lokman and Mat Yusof, Afzan (2016) The identification of helminths and coccidia from goats in two farms in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Jurnal Teknologi, 78 (9). pp. 9-12.

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Abstract

Helminths and coccidia are major causative agents causing parasitic infections in livestock production. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal helminths and coccidia in goats in Terengganu, Malaysia. A total of 227 goats which consists of 107 adult goats and 120 young goats were selected randomly from two farms located in Terengganu, Malaysia. Sodium chloride flotation technique was used to identify helminths eggs and coccidia oocysts. The number of eggs per gram and faecal oocysts count were determined by using modified McMaster technique. Out of 227 goats, 221 goats were positive for gastrointestinal parasites giving the overall prevalence 97.36%. The highest prevalence was recorded for Eimeria (89%) followed by Strongyloides (46.3%), Strongyle (18.1%), Monezia (10.6%) and the lowest prevalence was recorded for Trichuris spp. (9.7%). Coccidia oocyst counts were significantly higher in young goats as compared to adult goats while the Strongyle and Strongyloides egg counts were significantly higher in adult goats compared to young goats (P<0.05). The findings of this study suggested that good management practices and proper hygiene management are important to combat the infection so that there will be no case of parasitic infection among goats in the near future in Terengganu. Cacing dan koksidia adalah agen penyebab utama yang menyebabkan jangkitan parasit dalam pengeluaran ternakan. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan prevalen dan kekerapan cacing gastrousus dan koksidia di kambing di Terengganu, Malaysia. Sebanyak 227 ekor kambing yang terdiri daripada 107 ekor kambing dewasa dan 120 anak kambing yang telah dipilih secara rawak dari dua ladang di Terengganu, Malaysia. Teknik natrium klorida pengapungan telah digunakan untuk mengenal pasti telur cacing dan koksidia. Bilangan telur per gram dan oosista kiraan ditentukan dengan menggunakan teknik “McMaster” yang telah diubah suai. Daripada 227 kambing, 221 ekor kambing adalah positif untuk parasit usus memberikan prevalen keseluruhan 97.36%. Prevalen tertinggi dicatatkan adalah Eimeria (89%) diikuti oleh Strongyloides (46.3%), Strongyles (18.1%), Moniezia (10.6%) dan prevalen yang paling rendah dicatatkan adalah Trichuris spp. (9.7%). Bilangan oosista coccidia adalah lebih tinggi pada anak kambing berbanding kambing dewasa manakala bilangan telur Strongyle dan Strongyloides adalah lebih tinggi pada kambing dewasa berbanding anak kambing (P <0.05). Hasil kajian ini mencadangkan bahawa amalan pengurusan yang baik dan kebersihan yang betul adalah penting untuk memerangi jangkitan supaya tidak akan ada kes jangkitan parasit antara kambing dalam masa terdekat di Terengganu.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5448/52108
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gastrointestinal parasites, intensity, helminths, coccidia, goats, Terengganu, Parasit usus, kekerapan, cacing, koksidia, kambing, Terengganu
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Dr. Afzan Mat Yusof
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2016 14:35
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2017 17:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52108

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