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Biogas upgrading by chemical absorption using a packed column apparatus

Abdeen, Fouad R. H. and Mel, Maizirwan and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Ihsan, Sany Izan and Ismail, Ahmad Faris (2016) Biogas upgrading by chemical absorption using a packed column apparatus. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016), 25th-27th July 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Nowadays, the continuously increasing diminution of conventional fossil fuels has increased the interest of the research and development sectors in finding green and renewable supplements. A momentous attention has been given to the production of biogas via the anaerobic digestion of biomass. Biogas major components are methane, carbon dioxide and traces of hydrogen sulfide, ammonia and nitrogen. Hydrogen sulfide and other impurities are usually removed in a process called biogas purification. Biogas upgrading process is the process by which carbon dioxide (composing 40% of the biogas) is removed. In this study chemical absorption process for upgrading biogas was performed using 3 different solvents (sodium hydroxide, monoethanolamine and ammonia). The three different solvents have shown great ability in absorbing carbon dioxide as well as hydrogen sulfide using a lab scale packed column absorber-apparatus. The lab scale apparatus is designed to manipulate the different process parameters of liquid/gas flow ratio, column height and solvent type. Varying the different process parameters a biogas purity up to 93.3% methane content was obtained.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4085/52066
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas upgrading; CO2 absorption; Amine scrubbing; Caustic scrubbing; Ammonia scrubbing
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2016 09:17
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2017 16:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/52066

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