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Esophageal Surface Cells in Non-Erosive Reflux Disease (NERD) : scanning electron microscopic study

Myint, Yi Yi and Tun, Ye and Muhammad Amjad, Nasser and Abd Rashid, Nor Linda and Mat Hassan, Mohd. Zailani (2011) Esophageal Surface Cells in Non-Erosive Reflux Disease (NERD) : scanning electron microscopic study. In: IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition IRIIE 2011, 9-10 February 2011, IIUM, Gombak.

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Abstract

Background: Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) is the most common phenotype of gastro esophageal reflux disease. Dilated intercellular spaces (DIS) in prickle cell layers are considered as early signs of acid damage to the esophageal epithelium. In order to enter the mucosal intercellular spaces, acid and pepsin have to penetrate the intercellular adhesion sites of the most superficial epithelial cells. Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore cellular attachments in most superficial esophageal cells of NERD patients and to find out any association between reflux symptoms and DIS. Material and methods: The study group included 8 NERD patients with reflux symptoms, normal mucosa on endoscopy and positive 24-hour pH monitoring (NERD) and 5 normal controls. Specimens were routinely processed for SEM. The nature of cellular attachment and intercellular spaces between superficial cells of esophageal mucosa were viewed by SEM. Statistical analysis: The association between DIS and categorical data as well as reflux symptoms was accessed by using Chi-Square test & Fisher’s exact test respectively. p <0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Results: We found out that cellular attachments in the superficial cells differ significantly among the normal controls and patients with NERD (p value 0.007) .There was no association between both heartburn and acid regurgitation with DIS as the p value were 0.128 and 0.487 respectively. Discussion: Our results showed that DIS was found in all NERD patients and 3 out of 5 (60%) controls. This is because SEM only views the surface cells of the epithelium and even in normal, the surface cells are terminally differentiated and in varying stages of being desquamated into the lumen. Conclusions: We can conclude that SEM study on DIS in esophageal surface cells is not a useful diagnostic test for differentiating between normal and NERD patients

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 3635/5182
Uncontrolled Keywords: Esophageal surface cells, Non-erosive reflux disease, NERD
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: Dr Ye Tun
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2011 15:38
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2011 15:38
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/5182

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