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A study on the characterization of baobab (Adansonia digitate) fruit seed oil

Abdalkreem, Sara Babiker and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Marikkar, Mohammed Nazrim (2016) A study on the characterization of baobab (Adansonia digitate) fruit seed oil. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016), 25th-27th July 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.), is a tree belonging to the Malvaceae plant family. It is widespread throughout the hot, drier regions of tropical Africa. It is a deciduous, massive and majestic tree up to 25 m high, which may live for hundreds of years. Baobab is an important commodity which is integral to the livelihood of rural communities in Africa. The global demand for baobab raw material (e.g. seed oil, fruit pulp) by the food and beverage, nutraceutical and cosmetic industries has increased dramatically in recent years thereby increasing the commercial value and importance of this desired African tree. The baobab fruit contains pulp and seeds. The oil extracted from seed is used by local people as a source of food, energy, medicine and for cosmetic applications. It has been used in the production of lubricants, soaps and personal care products, as well as in the topical treatment of various conditions such as hair dandruff, muscle spasms, varicose veins and wounds. Baobab seed oil had been commonly used for skin care application since ancient times. However, during the last century, synthetic substitutes have become available and have been used to replace natural seed oils. Due to toxic effects of synthetic oils, there is a growing trend to replace them and revert to the use of natural oils in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. The oil extractions from the seeds were carried out using Soxhlet apparatus and n-hexane as solvent. The result showed that the baobab seeds contain 23% oil in average. The Iodine Value (IV) was found to be 75 – 96 g/100g KOH, Free Fatty Acid (FFA) was 2 – 4 % as oleic acid, Saponification Value (SV) was 180 - 195 and fatty acid composition were done for oil characterization; according to this characterization result obtained proved that Baobab seed oil is suitable as edible oil as well as it is suitable for cosmetics and other personal care products.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 4286/51755
Uncontrolled Keywords: Baobab; (Adansonia digitate); Seed oil
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Q Science > QP Physiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Nassereldeen Kabbashi
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2016 09:49
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 08:32
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/51755

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