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Identifying transfection efficiency and cartilaginous markers expression in chondrocytes overexpressed with SRY (Sex Determining Region Y)-Box 9 (SOX9) gene: A preliminary analysis in an in vitro model

Md Nazir, Noorhidayah and Mohammad, Mohd Yusof and Ahmad Radzi, Muhammad Aa’zamuddin and Hashim, Rosyafirah and Mat Nawi, Nur Farhana and Zulkifly, Ahmad Hafiz and Khalid, Kamarul Ariffin and Zainol, Ismail and Zamli, Zaitunnatakhin and Shaban, Munirah (2016) Identifying transfection efficiency and cartilaginous markers expression in chondrocytes overexpressed with SRY (Sex Determining Region Y)-Box 9 (SOX9) gene: A preliminary analysis in an in vitro model. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016), 25th-27th July 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Gene transfer technology offers innovative biological repair strategies for cartilage regeneration in tissue engineering. Non-viral vector-mediated gene transfers present certain advantages over viral vector methods particularly in terms of safer delivery of the intended therapeutic DNA into cells. It has been well documented that chondrocytes lose its chondrogenic phenotypes when serially expanded in monolayer cell culture. Previous studies suggested that overexpression of SOX9, a cartilage-specific transcriptional factor through non-viral methods promotes chondrogenic differentiation of certain cells. Hence, this preliminary study aimed to assess transfection efficiency and cartilaginous markers expression in monolayer cultured chondrocytes overexpressed with SOX9 gene. With the approval by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) IIUM, articular cartilage samples were harvested from the lateral and medial femoral condyles of two rabbits. The samples were washed and underwent enzymatic digestion to isolate the chondrocytes. The chondrocytes were cultured, serially expanded and transfected with SOX9-expressing plasmid at passage 1 using three transfection reagents i.e. Lipofectamine® 2000, Lipofectamine® 3000 and jetPRIME®, according to the manufacturers’ protocols. Plasmid containing green fluorescent protein (GFP) was co-transferred to the cells. Transfection efficiency was determined by estimating the percentage of GFP-positive cells under fluorescence microscopy, CytellTM Cell Imaging System 24-hour post-transfection based on the manufacturers’ recommendation. Collagen type II, SOX9 and collagen type I genes expressions were assessed at passage 1, 2 and 3. The results indicate that Lipofectamine® 3000 showed better transfection efficiency than Lipofectamine® 2000 and jetPRIME®. Cartilaginous markers i.e. collagen type II and SOX9 were constantly expressed in all samples throughout all passages. Collagen type I was also co-expressed in the cultured chondrocytes. Taken together, short-term SOX9 overexpression have the potential to sustain chondrogenic phenotypes of the serially expanded chondrocytes. The findings perhaps, can be an indication that SOX9 facilitates chondrogenesis and thus may have potential implications in cartilage tissue engineering.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 2397/51684
Uncontrolled Keywords: gene transfer, tissue engineering, cartilage, chondrocytes, SOX9
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Prof Dr Ahmad Hafiz Zulkifly
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2016 15:20
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2022 12:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/51684

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