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Development of acid-base-enzyme pretreatment and hydrolysis of palm oil mill effluent for bioethanol production: a review

Deb, Nibedita and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Al-Khatib, Ma An Fahmi Rashid and Elgharbawy, Amal A. (2016) Development of acid-base-enzyme pretreatment and hydrolysis of palm oil mill effluent for bioethanol production: a review. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016), 25th-27th July 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Nowadays, palm oil mill effluent (POME) is the main water stream pollutant in Malaysia. This paper reviews to development in the methods of bioethanol production from POME by acid-base-enzyme pretreatment and hydrolysis processes. The methods currently used to treat POME are inefficient either of cost or in terms of environmental preservation. Several techniques of pretreatment of POME are discussed, where the structure of POME is breakdown and make it more accessible to the cellulase enzymes. Generally, hydrolysis process is used as a mild acid-base-enzyme for monomeric sugar production from POME. The acid-base-enzyme consists of H2SO4, NaOH and cellulase enzymes to run the hydrolysis process. In this paper, different strategies are also described for hydrolysis processes, including concentrate acid hydrolysis, dilute acid hydrolysis and enzymatic hydrolysis. In addition, the production of bioethanol by fermentation of sugars obtained from the hydrolysis process are discussed and it points out some key properties that should be targeted for cost effective and innovative pretreatment processes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4157/51682
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pretreatment, Enzymatic hydrolysis, Bioethanol
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD895 Industrial sanitation. Industrial wastes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Zahangir Alam
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2016 08:07
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 08:21
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/51682

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