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Entrusting coast guards with maritime law enforcement powers: lessons for Malaysia

Hamid, Abdul Ghafur@Khin Maung Sein and Mustafa, Maizatun and Su Wai Mon@, Faridah (2016) Entrusting coast guards with maritime law enforcement powers: lessons for Malaysia. IIUM Law Journal, 24 (1). pp. 83-106. ISSN 0128-2530

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Abstract

In view of many and varied maritime threats and the growing number of maritime crimes, it is necessary for States to have coast guards with maritime law enforcement powers to secure their maritime territories and protect maritime interests. Modern coast guards play a crucial role in sustaining maritime security and their operations have become more and more sophisticated. However, in the case of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA), commonly known as the Malaysian Coast Guard, it is found that it is still struggling even after twelve years of its establishment to achieve its primary objective of becoming a single maritime law enforcement agency in Malaysia. The present study finds that there seems to be a veiled competition between the MMEA on one side, and the other law enforcement bodies on the other. An analysis of the practice of coast guards of the USA, India and Japan is made to find a solution to this crucial issue revolving around Malaysia’s maritime security. The study finally concludes that the controversial section 7(3) of the MMEA Act should be amended to clearly entrust the MMEA with, and exclude other relevant agencies from, maritime law enforcement powers in the Malaysian maritime zones. Memandangkan terdapat banyak ancaman maritim disamping peningkatan dalam jenayah maritim, ianya menjadi kemestian buat setiap negara untuk mempunyai pengawal pantai yang mempunyai kuasa penguatkuasaan undang-undang maritim bagi memastikan keselamatan sempadan dan perairan negara terpelihara. Pengawal pantai memainkan peranan penting dalam memastikan keselamatan maritim terjaga dan operasi mereka kini semakin canggih. Malangnya, di Malaysia, Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim (APMM) atau dikenali sebagai Pengawal Pantai Malaysia, masih bergelut dengan isu memperolehi kuasa mutlak bagi penguatkuasaan maritim walaupun setelah dua belas tahun ditubuhkan. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa terdapat persaingan senyap antara APMM dengan agensi penguatkuasaan lain di Malaysia. Analisa telah dibuat pada amalan di Amerika Syarikat, India dan Jepun bagi mencari penyelesaian yang bersesuaian untuk mengatasi masalah ini. Kajian ini seterusnya mendapati bahawa punca permasalahan ini ialah pentafsiran yang diberikan kepada seksyen 7(3), Akta APMM yang seharusnya dipinda bagi memberikan kuasa mutlak kepada APMM dan membatalkan hak penguatkuasaan kepada agensi-agensi lain

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3163/51348
Uncontrolled Keywords: Maritime security, maritime law enforcement, coast guards, MMEA, marine police Keselamatan maritim, undang-undang Maritim, APMM, pengawal pantai, polis marin
Subjects: K Law > KZ Law of Nations
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Civil Law
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Abdul Ghafur Hamid
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2016 10:11
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2017 09:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/51348

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