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Scattering of a two-soliton molecule by Gaussian potentials in dipolar Bose–Einstein condensates

Umarov, Bakhram A. and Aklana , Nor Amirah Busul and Baizakov, Bakhtiyor B. and Abdullaev, Fatkhulla Kh. (2016) Scattering of a two-soliton molecule by Gaussian potentials in dipolar Bose–Einstein condensates. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 49 (12). 125307-1-125307-8. ISSN 0953-4075 E-ISSN 1361-6455

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Abstract

Two bright solitons in a dipolar Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) can form stable bound states, known as soliton molecules. In this paper we study the scattering of a two-soliton molecule by external potential, using the simplest and analytically tractable Gaussian potential barriers and wells, in one spatial dimension. Collisions of soliton molecules with single solitons are investigated, the latter playing the role of a localized defect. Due to the long-range character of dipolar forces solitons interact with each other even though their waveforms do not appreciably overlap. This is an essentially different feature of dipolar solitons compared to their counterparts in BECs with contact atomic interactions. The result of scattering significantly depends on the potential’s strength and velocity of collision. For weak potentials and/or low velocity the molecule preserves its coherence, meantime the internal modes are excited. Scattering by strong potentials at moderately high velocity ends up with dissociation of the molecule. The theoretical model is based on the variational approximation for the nonlocal Gross–Pitaevskii equation (GPE). Predictions of the mathematical model are compared with numerical simulations of the nonlocal GPE, and good qualitative agreement between them is demonstrated.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3938/51306
Uncontrolled Keywords: soliton, dipolar interactions, scattering, bound state
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Prof Fatkhulla Abdullaev
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2016 09:22
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 15:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/51306

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