IIUM Repository

Optimizing Bioethanol Production from Sago Starch in Bioreactor for Renewable Energy

Kamaruddin, Mohd Hider and Mel, Maizirwan (2010) Optimizing Bioethanol Production from Sago Starch in Bioreactor for Renewable Energy. In: International Conference on Advances in Renewable Energy Technologies, 6-7 July 2010, Cyberjaya, Malaysia.

[img] PDF (Optimizing Bioethanol Production from Sago Starch in Bioreactor for Renewable Energy) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (201kB) | Request a copy


The two-step enzymatic hydrolysis of sago starch was performed by commercially available α-amylase and β- glucoamylase and further ethanol fermentation of the obtained hydrolyzates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. The optimized glucose concentration produced from hydrolysis was used in the fermentation process. The fermentation was carried out in a two liters stirred tank bioreactor (Sartorius) by using process conditions that are aeration and agitation. Agitation speed was varied from 50 to 100 rpm and aeration was varied from 0.05 to 0.1 vvm. Nine runs were conducted from the experimental design of central composite design (Minitab software v 14.01). Each running was completed within 72 hours. The analysis of the ethanol sample concentration was done for every 12 hours by using Potassium Di-Chromate test. The highest concentration of ethanol obtained is 11.81 % for run 7 after 60 hours fermentation time. From ANOVA analysis has shown that the aeration is the most significant factor with given “Prob>F” value of 0.032 (“Prob>F”< 0.05). Critical values were obtained at 0.08 vvm and 75 rpm for aeration and agitation, respectively. The findings of this project can be applied in production of bioethanol and biofuel research in large scale.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4085/4993
Uncontrolled Keywords: sago, fermentation, hydrolysis, ethanol, improvement
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP500 Fermentation industries. Beverages. Alcohol
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2011 13:07
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2011 13:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/4993

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year