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Effect of storage time on metabolite profile and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of Cosmos caudatus leaves - GCMS based metabolomics approach

Javadi, Neda and Abas, Faridah and Mediani, Ahmed and Abdul Hamid, Azizah and Khatib, Alfi and Simoh, Sanimah and Shaari, Khozirah (2015) Effect of storage time on metabolite profile and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity of Cosmos caudatus leaves - GCMS based metabolomics approach. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 23. pp. 433-441. ISSN 1021-9498

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Cosmos caudatus, which is a commonly consumed vegetable in Malaysia, is locally known as “Ulam Raja”. It is a local Malaysian herb traditionally used as a food and medicinal herb to treat several maladies. Its bioactive or nutritional constituents consist of a wide range ofmetabolites, including glucosinolates, phenolics, amino acids, organic acids, and sugars. However, many of these metabolites are not stable and easily degraded or modified during storage. In order to investigate the metabolomics changes occurring during post-harvest storage, C. caudatus samples were subjected to seven different storage times (0 hours, 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours, 10 hours, and 12 hours) at room temperature. As the model experiment, the metabolites identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were correlated with a-glucosidase inhibitory activity analyzed with multivariate data analysis (MVDA) to find out the variation among samples and metabolites contributing to the activity. Orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS) analysis was applied to investigate the metabolomics changes. A profound chemical alteration, both in primary and secondary metabolites, was observed. The a-tocopherol, catechin, cyclohexen-1-carboxylic acid, benzoic acid, myo-inositol, stigmasterol, and lycopene compoundswere found to be the discriminatingmetabolites at early storage;however, sugars such as sucrose, a-D-galactopyranose, and turanose were detected, which was attributed to the discriminating metabolites for late storage. The result shows that the MVDA method is a promising technique to identify biomarker compounds relative to storage at different times

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6915/49626
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cosmos caudatus GC-MS MVDA OPLS storage
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Alfi Khatib
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2016 16:34
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2016 14:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/49626

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