IIUM Repository

Optimizing tapered microfiber sensor design and simulation

Al-Askari, Shadi and Hamida, Belal Ahmed and Khan, Sheroz and Harun, Sulaiman Wadi (2016) Optimizing tapered microfiber sensor design and simulation. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (1). pp. 449-452. ISSN 1819-6608

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (300kB) | Request a copy


Refractive index sensors measure the evanescent field energy to sense various environmental parameters. Evanescent field-based sensors depend on the tapered area geometry which is one of the important factors for optimising the sensor performance as well as achieving better sensitivity and higher resolution. Tapering fabrication process needs to be controlled properly in order to achieve the optimal design. A two-dimensional model of the tapered sensor is proposed and simulated using Finite Element Analysis software, COMSOL Multiphysics. The light scattering phenomenon is visualized for taper and waist areas. The effects of the taper length, the waist length and the waist diameter have been explored in order to find the optimal geometries design. The model provides initial data to the designer to program and control the taper ration and the taper length the fabrication process in order to obtain the highest penetration depth at the highest resolution. The results show that the evanescent field is significantly high when the core diameter is close or below the wavelength. The output graph illustrates that when the tapering ratio decreases, more light propagate into the surrounding making the sensor more sensitive to the ambient changes. The simulation shows that the profile of the sensor can be fine-tuned by changing the tapering ratio of the waist and the length of the taper in order to obtain high performance, ultra-high-resolution evanescent field sensor.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7222-49563
Uncontrolled Keywords: microfiber, tapered fiber, refractive index, RI, evanescent field, FEA, COMSOL
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Belal Ahmed Hamida
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2016 09:34
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2017 11:25
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/49563

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year