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Design process of low cost uncemented femoral stem 316L stainless steel using investment casting technique

Baharuddin, Mohd Yusof and Salleh, Sh-Hussain and Mohd Noor, Alias and Lee, Muhammad Hisyam and Zulkifly, Ahmad Hafiz and Omar, Mohd Afian (2016) Design process of low cost uncemented femoral stem 316L stainless steel using investment casting technique. Advanced Materials Research, 1133. pp. 70-74. ISSN 1022-6680

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Total hip replacement (THR) is a flourishing orthopaedic surgery which is generating billion of dollars of revenue. The cost associated with the fabrication of implants has been increasing year by year and this phenomenon has burdened the patient with extra charges. Consequently, this study will focus on designing an accurate implant via implementing the reverse engineering of three dimensional morphological study based on a particular population. By using the finite element analysis, this study will assist to predict the outcome and could become a useful tool for pre-clinical testing of newly designed implant. A prototype is then fabricated using 316L stainless steel by applying investment casting techniques which reduce manufacturing cost without jeopardizing the implant’s quality. The finite element analysis showed the maximum von Mises stress was 66.88 MPa proximally with a safety factor of 2.39 against endosteal fracture, and micromotion was 4.73 μm which promotes osseointegration. This method offers a fabrication process of cementless femoral stems with lower cost, subsequently helping patients, particularly those from non-developed countries.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2397/49240
Uncontrolled Keywords: Uncemented hip, Biomechanics, Total hip replacement, Investment casting, Implant, Femur, Finite element analysis
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Sr. Syazwani Othaman
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2016 16:16
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2016 15:24
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/49240

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