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Saudi-led military intervention in Yemen and International Law

Ishan Jan, Mohammad Naqib and Lawan Haruna, Abdulrashid (2015) Saudi-led military intervention in Yemen and International Law. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities (JSSH), 23 (S). pp. 191-200. ISSN 2231-8534 (O), 0128-7702 (P) E-ISSN 2231-8534

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Abstract

On 25th March 2015, Saudi Arabia launched a military intervention, known as “Operation Decisive Storm”, in civil war stricken Yemen changing the status of the conflict from ‘non-international armed conflict’ (NIAC) to ‘international armed conflict’ (IAC). Saudi Arabia conducted the operation in response to de jure Yemeni government request, headed by President Abd Rabb Mansur Hadi, and in coordination with a coalition comprising the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Jordan, Morocco, Sudan, Pakistan and Egypt. The United States is on the side of the coalition providing ‘logistical and intelligence support’. The de facto Yemeni government is led by Abdul Malik al-Houthi (a Zaidi Shia Muslim) and former President Ali Abdullah Saleh (a Sunni Muslim). The de facto government is supported by Iran. Some observers describe the war in Yemen as a proxy war fought on behalf of Iran and Saudi government and the victims of the war are the poor and innocent people of Yemen. The conflict in Yemen raises numerous questions that this paper attempt to answer. Does the Operation Decisive Storm a lawful use of force? Is Iran’s support to Houthi-led de facto government lawful? Is this conflict an international armed conflict or a non-international armed conflict? Does international humanitarian law (IHL) applies to the conflict in Yemen and if so do the parties to the conflict abide by their obligation under international law? These questions will be discussed in this paper with reference to the relevant international law provisions using the primary sources as well as the subsidiary sources of the law.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2866/48403
Uncontrolled Keywords: Yemen, Suadi-led Coalition, Military Intervention, Legality of the Use of Force, IHL
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Civil Law
Depositing User: Prof.Dr. Mohammad Naqib Ishan Jan
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2016 23:19
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2016 16:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/48403

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