IIUM Repository

An overview on rare earth management in Malaysia

Abd Hamid, Khairul Bariyah and Abu Samah, Mohd Armi and Yunus, Kamaruzzaman and Abdullah Suhaimi, Afiza (2015) An overview on rare earth management in Malaysia. In: Conference on Malaysia Rare Earth Technology: From R&D to Production (COMRET 2015), 5th-6th Nov. 2015, Gambang Resort, Kuantan, Pahang .

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (961kB) | Request a copy


The demand for rare earth elements (REEs) are rapidly increasing each year. The estimated world demand for rare earth elements is 136,000 metric tons per year. This demand is projected to rise to 185,000 metric tons annually by 2015. Currently, China is the global supply of the REEs. To overcome this problem, Malaysia has become one of the countries that provide rare earth production (separation and refining). One of the REEs industries in Malaysia was located in Pahang. Although relatively abundant in the earth‘s crust, the REEs rarely occur in concentrated forms, making them economically challenging to obtain. These elements constitute critical components of many important technologies and products, such as hybrid vehicles, wind turbines, and cell phones. The REEs are a group of 15 chemical elements in the periodic table. The REEs are all metals, and the group is often referred to as the ―rare earth metals‖. The REEs need to be properly managed. Thus, this paper will discuss about management on the resources, the process (application), and the disposal of REEs in the industry. As a nation, Malaysia will significantly benefit from the contribution of rare earths by become the foundation industry for other high- technology industries that use rare earth and also can contribute and support the development of a green economy both domestically and globally.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 7301/47554
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rare earth elements, Management
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Armi Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2016 10:10
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2016 17:50
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/47554

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year