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Critical analysis on the children and young person employment act 1966 and the education act 1996 in relation to causes and effect of child labour in Malaysia

Nik Mahmod, Nik Ahmad Kamal and Che Mohd Salleh, Marhanum and Mohamed, Azizah and Ali Mohamed, Ashgar Ali (2015) Critical analysis on the children and young person employment act 1966 and the education act 1996 in relation to causes and effect of child labour in Malaysia. In: 3rd Global Conference on Business and Social Science, 16 and 17 December 2015, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

It is observed that the phenomena of working children is a long standing issue in most under-developed and developing countries of the world and the number increases each year in the light of challenging domestic social and economic conditions. Most of the working children normally worked informally helping their parents either in the family food businesses, night markets, and small-scale industries. The question is whether the relevant law has a special exemption to allow children to work and to what extent the law accommodates scenarios obtained from the empirical study for the purpose of this research? A survey was conducted among others, to examine the reason children goes to work instead of pursuing an education. The survey involved interviewing through a set questionnaire 557 working children in six states in Malaysia. Based on the survey, the Children and Young Person Employment Act 1966 is critically reviewed to evaluate the scope of protections for working children in Malaysia. Based on the empirical analysis, it is found that the majority of the working children in Malaysia worked to help their family economically and they are not happy with their current job. The children in this context reported that they regretted for not attending school as their have to work to help their family. In addition, by adopting content analysis on the current act, this research discovers that due to lack of efficient implementation of existing legal regimes, especially the Education Act 1996 to deal with issue pertaining to children not attending schools. This research concludes that effective implementation of all legislation dealing with working children and their compulsory education may have a positive impact on overall child labor management in Malaysia. Type of Paper: Empirical Paper Keywords: Child Labour, Malaysia, Children and Young Person Employment Act 1966, Education Act 1996

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 417/47078 Proceedings of the 3rd Global Conference on Business and Social Sciences ISBN 978-967-13147-0-8
Uncontrolled Keywords: Child Labour, Malaysia, Children and Young Person Employment Act 1966, Education Act 1996
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
K Law > KBP Islamic Law
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Finance
Depositing User: Dr. Marhanum Che Mohd Salleh
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2016 14:34
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 16:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/47078

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