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Cement bonded sol-gel TiO2 powder photocatalysis for phenol removal

Sopyan, Iis and ., Nor Hafizah (2015) Cement bonded sol-gel TiO2 powder photocatalysis for phenol removal. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 776. pp. 271-276. ISSN 1660-9336

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Photocatalysis has been proven effective in controlling various environmental problems originated by pollutions both in liquid and gaseous phases. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is well known the most practical photocatalyst as it has high photocatalytic efficiency, low band gap energy, and no toxicity. Various chemical methods have been tried to produce TiO2 photocatalyst powder with high activity. In this study, sol-gel method has been employed to produce nanosized TiO2 photocatalyst particles and its physical properties and photocatalytic activity in phenol degradation test were compared with the commercial TiO2 powder, Degussa P25. The synthesis process was carried out through hydrolysis of titanium tetraisopropoxide (TPT) and methanol where the molar ratio of water to TPT was monitored to control the hydrolysis rate. From X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, the sol-gel TiO2 powder obtained was fully in anatase structure with high crystallinity. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) measurement showed that the powder was in nano to sub-micron size, spherical in shape, and tightly agglomerated. Thermal analysis confirmed that sol-gel derived amorphous TiO2 powder transformed to anatase phase after 400°C calcination. The test on photocatalytic performance conducted using aqueous solution of phenol as the representative of water pollutant examined in this study showed that the sol-gel TiO2 powder is more efficient in degrading phenol compared to one of the most active photocatalysts commercially available, Degussa P25.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4809/46935
Uncontrolled Keywords: photocatalyst, titanium dioxide, cement, sol-gel method,phenol, degradation
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: PROF. DR. IIS SOPYAN
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2018 14:45
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2018 14:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/46935

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