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Control of suddenly expanded flows with micro-jets

Khan, Sher Afghan and Rathakrishnan, E. (2003) Control of suddenly expanded flows with micro-jets. International Journal of Turbo & Jet-Engines, 20 (1). pp. 63-81. ISSN 0334-0082 E-ISSN 2191-0332

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The results of an experimental investigation carried out to control the base pressure in a suddenly expanded axi-symmetric passage are presented in this paper. Active control in the form of micro-jets was employed to control the base pressure. Air injection at four locations at the base, symmetric to the nozzle axis was used as the active control. The jet Mach numbers at the entry to the suddenly expanded duct, studied were 1.87, 2.2 and 2.58. The length-to-diameter ratio of the suddenly expanded duct was varied from 10 to 1. Nozzles generating the above jet Mach numbers were operated with nozzle pressure ratio (NPR) in the range 3 to 11. In addition to base pressure, wall pressure field along the enlarged duct length was also studied. It is found that the active control in the form of blowing through small orifices (micro-jets) are effective in controlling the base pressure field. As high as 95 per cent increase in base pressure was achieved for certain combination of parameters of the present study. From the present investigation it is evident that for a given Mach number and NPR one can identify the L/D which will result in maximum increase/decrease of base pressure.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7395/46691
Uncontrolled Keywords: Expanded flows,compressible flow, nozzles, pressure effects jet engines
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL500 Aeronautics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Sher Afghan Khan
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 11:00
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2016 07:49
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/46691

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