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Assessment of the knowledge and perceptions of the Malaysian community pharmacists regarding pharmacovigilance: findings from an interventional study

Elkalmi, Ramadan Mohamed Mahmod and Hassali, Mohamed Azmi and Mohamed Izham, Mohamed Ibrahim (2010) Assessment of the knowledge and perceptions of the Malaysian community pharmacists regarding pharmacovigilance: findings from an interventional study. Value in Health, 13 (7). A509. ISSN 1098-3015 E-ISSN 1524-4733

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OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge and perception of community pharmacists in Malaysia toward reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). METHODS: A crosssectional study employing pre and post intervention design was undertaken with a sample of 42 community pharmacists to explore their knowledge of and the perception toward the pharmacovigilance and ADRs reporting. Changes in scores before and after the completion training program in knowledge and perception were measured. Statistical analysis: The data were analyzed by using SPSS version 17.0 software package (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used when ever appropriate. Frequencies and percentages were used to describe the respondents’ demographic information and professional characteristics. Wilcoxon Signed ranks test, Paired sample t test and The McNemar χ 2 test were applied to compare the differences in knowledge and perception before and after the educational program whenever appropriate. RESULTS: Forty-two community pharmacists (CPs) were enrolled in this study. A comparison of CPs knowledge before and immediately after implementation the education program showed signifi cant differences, the participated community pharmacists’ mean scores in knowledge of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions reporting signifi cantly increased compared to the baseline (z = −5458, N = 42 P < 0.001). Following the intervention, only few (3, 7.2%) respondents reported that they do not have any ideas on how to report ADR to the relevant authorities in Malaysia. Upon completion of the education program, a large proportion of the pharmacists (45%) believed that they were confi dent in their knowledge in detection and performing ADRs reporting (z = −2.866, N = 42, P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: The fi nding of the study indicates the need for designing educational programs for the community pharmacists, in order to improve the level of knowledge toward the pharmacovigilance and ADRs reporting process locally.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6718/46508
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assessment of the knowledge and perceptions
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Dr. RAMADAN ELKALMI
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2016 14:58
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2016 16:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/46508

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