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Fabrication of Ca(OH)2 nanostructures by facile solution – based synthesis at various reaction temperatures as CO2 adsorbent

Mohd Daud, Farah Diana and Sreekantan, Srimala and Mohamed, Abdul Rahman (2013) Fabrication of Ca(OH)2 nanostructures by facile solution – based synthesis at various reaction temperatures as CO2 adsorbent. Materials Science Forum, 756. pp. 175-181. ISSN 1662-9752

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Abstract

Calcium hydroxides (Ca(OH)2) nanostructures have been fabricated through simple facile solution based synthesis at different temperatures 35, 45 and 55°C repectively. Ethanol was utilized as a medium for reaction. The synthesized powder was characterized by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM SUPRA 35VP ZEISS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR Perkin Elmer Spectrum One Spectrophotometer) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Based on XRD analysis, the synthesis samples exhibited crystal hexagonal phase of Ca(OH)2. The crystallite size for powders prepared was between 17 nm to 31 nm. Short nanorod like structures was successfully obtained in 80 ml ethanol solution for entire temperatures. However, the length and diameter decreased with increased the reaction temperatures. Short nanorod synthesized at 55°C has small diameters and length compared at 35°C. Carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption for synthesized powders was studied by simultaneous thermal analyzer (STA). Ca(OH)2 prepared at 35°C and 45°C in 80 ml ethanol showed CO2 adsorption capacity about 9.3 mmol/g and 9.7 mmol/g respectively.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7338/46394
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium hydroxides, ethanol, carbon dioxide
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA170 Environmental engineering
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: DR FARAH DIANA MOHD DAUD
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2016 09:35
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2016 14:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/46394

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