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Pelargonium radula as a plant bioindicator in monitoring Hg in drinking water

A Majid, Noraishah and Phang, Ing Chia (2015) Pelargonium radula as a plant bioindicator in monitoring Hg in drinking water. In: International Conference on Advancement in Science and Technology (iCAST 2015) - ‘Frontiers in Biotechnology’, 10-12 August 2015, Pahang, Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Pollution by organic and inorganic toxic substances has raised public and environmental concern globally since decades ago. However, due to rapid growth of world population along with excessive industrial development, this situation worsens. One of the non-essential heavy metals, mercury (Hg), is a widespread toxic pollutant commonly found in drinking water sources. Therefore, there is a need to monitor the level of Hg in the drinking water. Biomonitoring, which use biological response to assess environmental changes, is one of the approaches that are getting more attention recently. Plant bioindicator offers huge advantages over conventional water quality analysis. Other than cheap, easy to apply and give rapid results; most importantly, people in the rural area can apply this method to monitor water quality without the need of modern equipment and technical expertise. In this current study, young leaves from terrestrial plants were treated with water containing Hg solutions. Plant that showed visible morphological changes was selected as potential bioindicator and further analysed. Over 60 plants were screened including herbs, shrubs and flowering plants. At the 24th h of observation, 15 plants showed morphological changes with several obvious symptoms, including presence of dark spot, chlorosis, browning of leaves and wrinkle. Among these plants, Plectranthus amboinicus, Lantana camara and Pelargonium radula treated with Hg solutions exhibited morphological changes at the 6th h of treatment, compared to the control. In the present study, Pelargonium radula was chosen as the Hg bioindicator as it gave the fastest morphological changes, which is within 4 h of treatment. This new finding was promising, as it indicated that plants can be used for Hg biomonitoring for the safety consumption of drinking water.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Additional Information: 6480/45706
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plant bioindicator, biomonitoring, Hg, drinking water, Pelargonium radula
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Ing Chia Phang
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2016 11:07
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 11:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/45706

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