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An African scholar in the Netherlands East Indies al-Shaykh Ahmad Surkitti (1876–1943): his life, thoughts, and reforms

Abu Shouk, Ahmed Ibrahim (2011) An African scholar in the Netherlands East Indies al-Shaykh Ahmad Surkitti (1876–1943): his life, thoughts, and reforms. Islamic Africa, 2 (2). pp. 23-50. ISSN 2154-0993

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Abstract

Shaykh Ahmad Muhammad al- Surkitti (1876–1943) was an important figure in the Islamic reform movement in early twentieth- century Indonesia. He was born in the Sudan in 1876, studied in Mecca and Madinanfor fourteen years (1897–1911), and established his career as a schoolnteacher and a celebrated reformist leader in Indonesia (1911–1943).nThe purpose of this article is to examine the early life and career of al-Surkitti in the Sudan and Saudi Arabia, and assess critically his contributionnto the islah and tajdid movements in the Malay- Indonesian world.His intellectual and religio- political discord and confl ict with the Alawi traditionalists will be investigated in the context of Hahdarmi identitynand discourse between “orthodox Islam” propagated by Surkitti and hisnfollowers and “popular Islam” that gave the Alawi sayyids special recognitionnin their home society in Hadramaut and diaspora in Indonesia.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3252/4532
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: Prof Ahmed Abushouk
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2011 15:30
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 05:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/4532

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